Wednesday, March 4, 2015

On Plagiarism: Part II

In my past post on plagiarism, I discussed some of the pitfalls of not discussing plagiarism in a seminar class. Often, the students are not aware that what they are doing (or not doing) can be considered plagiarism.

In anticipation of a plagiarism instruction session that I am giving to a colleague's seminar class, I thought I would post this "nifty plagiarism infographic" that asks questions to determine the severity of plagiarism.

In scholarly writing, it is expected that an author use a considerable number of footnotes to substantiate assertions and arguments given in the text. There is absolutely no reason not to give credit where credit is due. And this infographic gives an idea of when credit is due.

Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Wrangling The Wild Web Through Deliberate Searching

The Washington Post shared a recent article about a historian who tried to use the wild-web (aka Internet archive) to do historical research and mostly failed.

As the researcher described, "[historians] use anything we can to get a view of how humans behaved in the past. In the 21st century, the web gives us a unique window onto society. Never before has humanity produced so much data about public and private lives – and never before have we been able to get at it in one place."

The British Library and Institute of Historical Research created a research project to mine this data. The researchers were "among the first in the world to use the web archive for academic research." And the researchers thought that searching the web archive would be as simple as a Google search.    "[S]ince we could navigate Google reasonably easily, we thought we could use the archive in the same way. Do a search. Get a group of webpages on a particular subject. Read them. Draw some conclusions. How hard could it be?" As the researchers soon learned. "Very."

The way that researchers must search the web archive is very different from, "say, the Library of Congress. There (and elsewhere), professional archivists have sorted and cataloged the material. "[I]f the archivist has chosen to keep [the documents], they’re probably of interest to [the researcher]. With the internet, we have everything. Nobody has – or can – read through it. And so what is 'relevant' is completely in the eye of the beholder." In other words, there is no librarian doing the behind-the-scenes heavy lifting.

If researchers want to truly search the wild-web instead of merely using Google as the gatekeeper, then the researchers must take new approaches to the data. They have to know how to use deliberate search techniques to understand what they are searching and the results that search will generate. For example, "[s]maller samples of Web sites, specifically chosen for their historical importance" may be used. Similarly, much more focused searches on smaller time periods, more marginal topics, or specific cultural groups can produce a more manageable 'corpus' for reading and manipulating in the same way we would on our trips to traditional archives."

This is where the new role of the librarian comes in. Librarians must instruct on the deliberate search techniques that make this type of in-depth research possible. We need to convey to our students the reasons that they are retrieving certain results and give them an understanding about how to effectively use various search techniques to make research manageable.

As the researcher in the Washington Post article explained, "[t]his mass of data we have, far from rendering the [Internet] archive unintelligible, may give us richer and more fruitful answers. We just need to work out the right questions to ask."

Monday, March 2, 2015

9 Studies Outlining Why Print Is Still Superior

In the ongoing discussion of "why do I need a book when everything is online?," we look to nine studies that HuffPost Books brings to our attention discussing why print still has a promising future.

1. Younger people are more likely to believe that there's useful information that's only available offline. 
While 62 percent of citizens under 30 subscribe to this belief, only 53 percent of those 30 and older agree. These findings are from a promising study released last year by Pew Research, which also found that millennials are more likely to visit their local library.

2. Students are more likely to buy physical textbooks.
A study conducted by Student Monitor and featured in The Washington Post shows that 87 percent of textbook spending for the fall 2014 semester was on print books. Of course, this could be due to professors assigning less ebooks. Which is why it's fascinating that...

3. Students opt for physical copies of humanities books, even when digital versions are available for free.
While students prefer reading digital texts for science and math classes, they like to study the humanities in print. A study conducted by the University of Washington in 2013, and quoted in The Washington Post, shows that 25 percent of humanities students bought physical versions of free ebooks.

4. This isn't just true of textbooks. Teens prefer print books for personal use, too.
Nielson BookScan numbers from 2014 revealed the main reasons why teens buy books: "I've enjoyed author's previous books" ranked No. 1, followed by "browsing in libraries" and "browsing in bookstores," which both ranked above "online bookseller websites." "In-store displays" also ranked above hearing about a book through a social network.

5. Students don't connect emotionally with on-screen texts.
A 2012 study featured in the Guardian gave half its participants a story on paper, and the other half the same story on screen. The result? iPad readers didn't feel that the story was as immersive, and therefore weren't able to connect with it on an emotional level. Further, those who read on paper were much more capable of placing the story's events in chronological order.

6. ... And they comprehend less of the information presented in digital books.
USA Today shared a 2013 study showing that students retain less when reading on a screen. The study's creator blamed this on the "flash gimmicks" embedded in many ebooks. She also suspects being able to collectively turn to the same page enhances group discussion.

7. It's not just students opting for print. Parents and kids prefer to read physical books together, too.
According to Digital Book World and literacy nonprofit Sesame Workshop, less than ten percent of kids and parents alike choose ebooks over print books. Parents say fancy features such as videos and interactive games are more of a distraction than a valued tool.

8. Which makes sense, because ebooks can negatively impact your sleep.
A few months ago, the Guardian reported on a Harvard study linking e-reading and sleep deprivation. If the ebook was "light emitting" it took participants an average of ten minutes longer to fall asleep than those who read physical books instead.

9. ... And it's hard to avoid multitasking while reading digital books.
In a blog for The Huffington Post, Naomi S. Baron wrote about the findings published in her new book, Words Onscreen: The Fate of Reading in a Digital World. "Studies I have done with university students in several countries confirm what I bet you'll find yourself observing," she writes. "When reading either for (school) work or pleasure, the preponderance of students found it easiest to concentrate when reading in print. They also reported multitasking almost three times as much when reading onscreen as when reading in hard copy."

Thanks HuffPost Books for bringing these studies together to make a compelling case for the future of the print book!

Thursday, February 26, 2015

FCC Net Neutrality Proposal Classifies Internet As A Public Utility

NPR is reporting on today's net neutrality vote by the FCC. As noted, "Tom Wheeler, the chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, has outlined his vision of the Internet, saying his agency should use its authority 'to implement and enforce open Internet protections.' Wheeler's plan would pave the way toward regulating the Internet as a public utility, an idea backed by President Obama but strongly opposed by some cable companies and their lobbying firms that say it will hurt investment."

The NYTimes has a great video discussing net neutrality and why it matters. David Carr (RIP) discusses what's at stake. So far we've been able to get information freely and openly, which makes the Internet the epitome of democracy. Even the smallest voice can be picked up and heard on the Internet.

However, if net neutrality is not regulated, then the strong voices with the most money to pay for fast delivery will reach our screens first, and the small voices will be lost in the mix. The small voices may eventually reach us, but we'll have to dig pretty deep to find them, which most people will not do.

I don't know about you, but I don't like this kind of gatekeeping based on who has the deepest pockets. It will change the entire way that information flows and is received.

As NPR notes, "Net neutrality is the concept that your Internet provider should be a neutral gateway to everything on the Internet, not a gatekeeper deciding to load some sites slower than others or impose fees for faster service."

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

Reading Is Fun-damental

Do you remember the Reading is Fundamental (RIF) program from elementary school? Oh, the sheer joy of walking into that room full of books and being able to choose one of your very own. This program, as well as great teachers made me an avid reader from a young age.

Then I went to law school. Now when I try to read for pleasure, the pleasure is mostly lost on me. I tend to read with the same forcefulness that I read cases, which isn't necessarily pleasurable.

An attorney posed the question of how to regain reading for pleasure in the ABA Journal. The author of the article expounded on the type of reading lawyers do and the lack of pleasure in reading for fun:
  • The first is that law school entails so much required reading that students who enjoy literature simply lose the habit.
  • Second, most legal writing can't be read closely with any sort of gusto. It's clumsy, verbose and studded with irrelevancies that must be skipped....
  • Third, the hurly-burly of law practice can lead you to feel perpetually behindhand. A chronically impatient reader who feels oppressed by time constraints will rush through—an approach that simply isn't conducive to appreciating literature.
The author states that this is a fairly common malady among lawyers. One of the main recommendations to combat this problem is to continue to read nonlegal material. And listen to books for awhile until it becomes pleasurable again.

Another piece of advice is to read short stories. By digesting pleasurable reading in smaller bits, you can remind yourself what it is that you love about reading.

As a law librarian, I read all day, everyday. I set a goal this year to read at least one "non-work" book per month. I am keeping pace, and I am starting to remember what it is that I love about reading. 

Monday, February 23, 2015

ABA Proposes Requiring More Data On Attrition

The ABA Journal reports that the ABA Section of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar’s Standards Review Committee is proposing a requirement for law schools to provide additional data on attrition to promote greater transparency.

Under the proposal, "law schools would be required to provide more detailed information about attrition rates for admitted students under a proposed change in the reporting requirements being requested by an ABA committee. Currently, law schools are required to disclose on their annual information reports the overall number and percentage of admitted students from each class in the previous academic year who flunked out, transferred to another school or left for non-academic reasons."

The approved resolution requires law schools to "break those numbers down based on the admitted students’ LSAT scores and undergraduate grade-point averages."

"The committee says more detailed data reporting is necessary to promote greater transparency and provide greater consumer protection for law school applicants. It would also assist the Accreditation Committee and the section’s governing council in assessing whether a school is operating in compliance with the accreditation standards."

How would this data promote greater transparency? "Committee member Peter Joy, who drafted the proposed resolution, said the way attrition data is currently reported, while accurate, can be misleading, particularly to an applicant with weak academic credentials, who may not realize that the academic attrition rate for similarly situated students may be much higher than the school’s reported rate overall."

The committee hopes that the new reporting requirement will arm potential law students with all of the information that they need to make truly informed decisions about whether to attend law school. And it will also help to determine if the lower admissions standards are having a great impact on attrition.

Friday, February 20, 2015

The Notorious R.B.G. Just Won't Quit

If you are a woman in the law, it is impossible not to owe a debt to Ruth Bader Ginsburg, aka The Notorious R.B.G., who has broken down many barriers on her way to becoming the second female Supreme Court Justice.

There have been calls for her to retire given her age, 81, to effectively "take one for the team" and get another liberal appointed to SCOTUS under the auspices of a Democratic president.

As the NYTimes noted, "[t]he retirement talk started around 2011, when the Harvard Law School professor Randall Kennedy wrote an essay in The New Republic arguing that both Ginsburg and Justice Stephen Breyer should quit while there was still a Democratic president to nominate replacements. 'What’s more, both are, well, old,' he added uncharitably.

As time moved on, the focus shifted almost exclusively to Ginsburg (“Justice Ginsburg: Resign Already!”). Perhaps that’s simply because she is older than Breyer, who is now 76. Or perhaps there’s still an expectation that women are supposed to be good sports, and volunteer to take one for the team."

There has never been an insistent call for the resignation of a male justice, and there have been male justices who were older than R.B.G. when they stepped down. “John Paul Stevens didn’t step down until he was 90 and Louis Brandeis had served until he was 82."

This scenario, in some ways, reminds me of the recent Sheryl Sandberg article in the NYTimes noting the sacrifices that women are expected to make in the workplace. "This is a sad reality in workplaces around the world: Women help more but benefit less from it. In keeping with deeply held gender stereotypes, we expect men to be ambitious and results-oriented, and women to be nurturing and communal. When a man offers to help, we shower him with praise and rewards. But when a woman helps, we feel less indebted. She’s communal, right? She wants to be a team player. The reverse is also true. When a woman declines to help a colleague, people like her less and her career suffers. But when a man says no, he faces no backlash. A man who doesn’t help is 'busy'; a woman is 'selfish.'"

R.B.G. could have succumbed to the calls for her to leave office, but for the sake of women everywhere, we should all be happy that she didn't. She is still, at the ripe age of 81, leading the way.

image: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/26/Ruth_Bader_Ginsburg.jpg

Thursday, February 19, 2015

LexTalk from LexisNexis

As Lexis Advance continues to evolve, it can be difficult to stay on top of all of the enhancements. That's where LexTalk comes in.

LexTalk is a fairly new service from LexisNexis that provides featured topics, featured posts, and featured forums to bring the legal community together.

The part that I find the most useful is the Lexis Advance Enhancements under featured topics. Here you will see information pertaining to upcoming webinars and other useful "Tuesday Tips" for maneuvering Lexis Advance.

This is a nice effort by LexisNexis to bring lawyers, law students, and information about Lexis Advance together in one place.

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

Washington & Lee Top 50 Law Reviews & Submission Criteria

As spring law-review submission season winds down, many law faculty are busy submitting to journals. Here is a compilation of the Top 50 law reviews as ranked by Washington & Lee (current combined score 2013) and the submission criteria for each of those law reviews compiled from Information for Submitting Articles to Law Reviews and Journals (Jan. 22, 2105).

1. Stanford Law Review
[Submit] Must use their online submission form. Do not include any identifying information in the submission. Include a brief abstract [Citations] Bluebook format [Word Requirements] word limit of 30,000 words (including footnotes). Remove name or other identifying information [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review. Use their online form

2. Harvard Law Review
[Format] Word document [Submit] Through their online system or by mail (Articles Office, Harvard Law Review, Gannett House, 1511 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138). Only include identifying information on separate cover page.[Word Requirements] Prefer less than 25,000 words (including footnotes). They will not publish those exceeding 30,000 words or 60 pages. [Citations] Bluebook format [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review.

3. Columbia Law Review
[Submission Deadlines] CLR publishes 8 times a year (not February, July, August, and September). They accept submissions on a rolling basis. [Submit] Accept and manage submissions exclusively through Scholastica [Word Requirements] 20,000-37,000 (including footnotes). [Format] Double-spaced Word document. [Citations] Bluebook format.

4. The Yale Law Journal
[Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review. Use their online form. [Word Requirements] 25,000 or less (including footnotes) [Submit] Must use their online submissionn form. Remove all author identifying information from the submission. Include a short abstract.

5. University of Pennsylvania Law Review
[Word Requirements] Prefer 35,000 words or less (including footnotes). [Citations] Bluebook format [Submit] Either ExpressO or mail (Articles Editors University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 3501 Sansom Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6204). If sending as exclusive submission, send by email (lawrev@law.upenn.edu). [Processing Period] THey will consider requests for expedited review. Send through ExpressO or via email (prefers ExpressO) (expedite@pennlawreview.com).

6. The Georgetown Law Journal
[Word Requirements] Must be less than 35,000 words (including footnotes). [Submit] Strongly prefers submissions by Scholastica. (The Georgetown LawJournal is listed under the “T’s” inScholastica.) or by email (glj@law.georgetown.edu). Include an abstract and a CV. [Format] Word document [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review.

7. UCLA Law Review
[Word Requirements] Prefer articles under 25,000 words and will not publish those which exceed 35,000 words. [Submit]Preferred submissions through Scholastica, but may send by mail (Articles Dept., UCLA Law Review, UCLA School of Law, 405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1476). Include a table of contents, CV, and a cover letter. [Processing Period] Usually reviewed within 8 weeks. They will consider requests for expedited review.

8. Michigan Law Review
[Submit] (1) Scholastica or (2) mail (Michigan Law Review, Hutchins Hall, 625 S. State Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215). Include a cover letter with contact info and word count. [Citations] Bluebook format and style should follow The Chicago Manual of Style [Processing Period] Email requests for expedited review. [Word Requirements] Prefer less than 25,000 words (including footnotes)

9. California Law Review
[Submit] (1) Scholastica (preferred), or (2) by mail (Articles Department, California Law Review, 40 Boalt Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720). [Word Requirements] Articles should be 25,000 words or less (including footnotes). They will consider submissions of up to 35,000 words. [Citations] Bluebook format [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review.

10. Virginia Law Review
[Submission Deadlines] They publish 8 times a year (March, April, May, June, September, October, November, and December). [Word Requirements] Prefer under 25,000 words (including footnotes). [Submit] Exclusively Scholastica. Must include cover letter, which contains title, contact info, brief abstract, copy of manuscript, submission guidelines for Empirical Aricles and Essays [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review.

11. Minnesota Law Review
[Citations] Bluebook format [Submission Deadline] They publish 6 times per year (November, December, February, April, May, and June. They are now accepting submissions until the volume is filled. They usually accept until September. Accepts through Scholastica.

12. Texas Law Review
[Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review. Use their online form. [Submit] Accepts submissions by Scholastica only. [Word Requirements] 40-70 pages (20,000-35,000 words, including footnotes), no absolute cap.

13. New York University Law Review
[Citations] Bluebook format [Word Requirements] Prefer pieces under 25,000 words (including footnotes). Include brief abstract. [Submit] Exclusively Scholastica. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review.

14. Fordham Law Review
[Submit] Strongly prefers submissions via Scholastica or by mail (Executive Articles Editor, Fordham Law Review, Fordham University School of Law, 140 West 62nd Street, New York, NY 10023). [Word Requirement] None[Citations] Bluebook format. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review.

15. Cornell Law Review
[Word Requirements] Prefer 30,000 words or less (including footnotes) They will not publish if over 40,000 words. [Format] Word document [Submit] Either through ExpressO or by mail (Articles Office, Cornell Law Review, Myron Taylor Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853). [Citations] Bluebook format [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review.

16. Notre Dame Law Review
[Citations] Bluebook format [Submit] Strongly prefers submissions via Scholastica. [Format] Word document 15,000-30,000 words (footnotes included). Include CV. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review by email. [Submission Deadline] They publish 5 issues between October-June

17. Northwestern University Law Review
[Submit] Submissions must be made by Scholastica. Submissions are not accepted via e-mail and mailing of hard copies is allowed only in extenuating circumstances. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review through Scholastica. [Word Requirements] Prefer articles between 15,000 and 30,000 words (including footnotes). [Citations] Use footnotes rather than endnotes; Conform to the Bluebook and the Texas Law Review Manual on Usage & Style. [Format] Double-space

18. Iowa Law Review
[Submit] Must use Scholastica [Format] Word document [Citations] Must conform to the Bluebook, Redbook, and the conventions of the Iowa Law Review. [Submission Deadlines] They publish 5 times per year(November, January, March, May, and July)

19. Duke Law Journal
[Submission Deadline] They publish 8 times per year. [Citations] Bluebook format [Submit] Either Scholastica or by mail (Duke Law Journal, Duke University School of Law, 210 Science Drive, Box 90371, Durham, NC 27708).[Word Requirements] Prefer articles of fewer than 35,000 words (including footnotes).Include a cover letter.

20. Vanderbilt Law Review
[Submit]Strongly prefers ExpressO. Also accepts submissions by e-mail to articles.review@law.vanderbilt.edu OR mail to:Senior Articles Editor, Vanderbilt Law Review, 131 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203. They publish 6 times a year (January, March, April, May, October, and November). [Format] Include cover letter and CV.

21. William and Mary Law Review
[Submission Guidelines] They publish 6 issues (October, November, December, March, April, and May). Submit before February the year before. [Submit] Either via ExpressO or mail (Senior Articles Editor, William & Mary Law Review, William & Mary School of Law, P.O. Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795). Include a cover letter and an abstract. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review by email (wmlawrev@gmail.com).

22. Boston University Law Review
[Processing Period] They consider requests for expedited review. [Submit] ExpressO. Include a CV and cover letter

23. The University of Chicago Law Review
[Submit] Either via Scholastica or email (lrarticles@law.uchicago.edu) [Submissions Deadline] They accept submissions on a rolling basis. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review through Scholastica or email.

24. University of Illinois Law Review
[Citations] Bluebook format and conform to the Chicago Manual of Style. [Submit] (1) ExpressO, (2) email (law-review@illinois.edu), or (3) mail (Articles Editors, University of Illinois Law Review, University of Illinois College of Law, 244H Law Building, 504 East Pennsylvania Avenue. Champaign, IL 61820-6996). Include a cover letter or CV. Will consider expedited review.

25. Boston College Law Review
[Submission Deadline] They publish 5 times per year. They accept submissions year round [Submit] (1) via Scholastica, (2) email (bclr@bc.edu), or (3) mail (Boston College Law School, Attn: Boston College Law Review, 885 Centre Street, Newton, MA 02459-1163). Include a cover letter and resume/bio/CV. [Format] Word (preferred), WordPerfect, or PDF. Please include (1) cover letter that references the article’s title, briefly describes the article, and contains the author’s name, affiliation, and full contact information; and (2) résumé, bio, or CV.[Processing Period] They consider requests for for expedited review.

26. Cardozo Law Review
[Word Requirement] Preference that are under 35,000 words. [Submit] Scholastica or email (cardozo.submissions@gmail.com) [Submissions Deadline] The Spring issue period is February-April and Fall issue period is August-September. Please include (1) cover letter that references the article’s title, briefly describes the article, and contains the author’s name, affiliation, and full contact information; and (2) résumé, bio, or CV.

27. North Carolina Law Review
[Submit] Strongly prefers submissions throughScholastica. Can mail (Executive Articles Editor, The North Carolina Law Review, UNC School of Law, Van Hecke-Wettach Hall, 100 Ridge Road, Campus Box #3380, Chapel Hill, N.C. 27599-3380). [Citations] Bluebook format [Word Requirements] Prefer under 25,000 words (including footnotes) and will not publish if over 40,000 words. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review. Email the Executive Articles Editor at nclrev@unc.edu

28. U.C. Davis Law Review
[Citations] Bluebook format [Format] Word or PDF document [Submit] Either Scholastica or email (lawreview@law.ucdavis.edu). Include a table of contents, CV, and cover letter. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review by Scholastica or email.

29. Indiana Law Journal
[Submission Deadline] They will begin accepting submissions for the next volume in February 2014. [Submit] ExpressO [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review. [Format] Text and citations should conform to the Bluebook and the Chicago Manual of Style.

30. Southern California Law Review
[Submission Deadline] They accept submissions on a rolling basis. They publish six issues a year. [Word Requirements] Prefer 35,000 words or less (including footnotes) [Citations] Bluebook format [Submit] (1) Scholastica, (2) email (sclr.articles@lawmail.usc.edu), or (3) mail (Executive Articles Editor, Southern California Law Review, The Gould School of Law, University of Southern California, University Park, Los Angeles, California 90089-0071).

31. The George Washington Law Review
[Submit] Strongly prefers Scholastica, but will continue to accept submissions by e-mail to gwlrarticles@law.gwu.edu. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review.

32. Hastings Law Journal
[Submission Deadline] They are currently accepting submissions and will start reviewing at the end of February. [Submit] (1) ExpressO (strongly prefer), (2) via email (hlj@hastingslawjournal.org), or (3) by mail (Hastings Law Journal, U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 200 McAllister Street, San Francisco, California 94102-4707). Include a cover letter and brief abstract. [Word Requirements] Prefer less than 30,000 words. [Citations] Bluebook format [Format] Double-spaced [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review during the school year.

33. Emory Law Journal
[Submission Deadline] They publish 6 times per year. [Submit] They only accept submissions through ExpressO. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review. [Citations] Bluebook format (footnotes rather than endnotes).

34. Harvard Journal of Law & Technology
[Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review. Consider expedite requests [Format] Word document [Submit] Via Scholastica. Include a resume, letter of introduction, and a short abstract.

35. Florida Law Review
[Submission Deadline] They cannot review submissions or expedite any reviews during the summer period (late April through July) or the winter period (early November through January). [Submit] Only accept submissions through ExpressO. Include a cover letter (that includes contact info and a short synopsis of the manuscript) and a CV. [Word Requirements] Under 50 pages (approx. 25,000 words including footnotes). [Citations] Bluebook format. [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review.

36. Connecticut Law Review
[Submit] (1) Prefers Scholastica or (2) mail (Connecticut Law Review, Attn: Submissions, 65 Elizabeth Street, Hartford, CT 06105-2290) Include a cover letter or CV/resume. [Processing Period] Considers expedited review.

37. Wisconsin Law Review
[Submit]Accepts submissions only by Scholastica. [Ciations] Bluebook format and the Chicago Manual of Style [Word Requirements] Prefer 30,000 words or less (including footnotes). [Processing Period] Will consider expedited requests.

38. Washington University Law Review
[Submission Deadline] They accept submissions on a rolling basis. [Submit] Either via ExpressO or email (review@wulaw.wustl.edu). Include cover letter that indicates the manuscript’s title, its nature, and provides contact information. [Citations] Bluebook format [Word Requirements] Typically between 15,000 and 35,000 words [Format] Word document [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review through ExpressO.

39. Supreme Court Review
[Submission Deadline] They publish once in the Spring. They make editorial decisions once in June and then again in Sep. [Citations] Should follow The Maroon Book style guide [Submit] Mail 3 copies to Dennis Hutchinson, 1111 East 60th Street, Chicago, Illinois 60637

40. Harvard International Law Journal
[Submission Deadline] They accept on a rolling basis but for Summer Issue (submit by November 1st) and for Winter Issue (submit by May 1st). [Word Requirements] Minimum of 12,500 words and maximum of 35,000 words. [Citations] Bluebook format [Submit] Only accept through ExpressO or the submission form on their website. Include an abstract of not more than 250 words, as well as a resume or CV, which includes a list of current publications. Authors also must ensure that their submissions include a direct e-mail address and phone number at which they can be reached throughout the review period. [Processing Period] Will consider expedited reviews.

41. Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review
[Submit] Either through ExpressO or by email (CRCLEAE@gmail.com). Include a cover letter and a CV. [Citations] Bluebook format [Word Requirements] less than 30,000 words (including footnotes)

42. Wake Forest Law Review
[Word Requirements] Prefer 25,000 words or less (including footnotes). [Format] Word document (Times New Roman, 12 pt, 1 inch margins). Include a cover letter describing the article and indicating why it should be published. Disclose any economic interests and affiliations that may influence the views expressed. [Submit] (1) Strongly prefers submissions by Scholastica, (2) email (seniorarticleseditor@wakeforestlawreview.com), or (3) mail (Wake Forest Law Review, Wake Forest University School of Law, P.O. Box 7206 Reynolda Station, Winston-Salem, NC 27109-7206).

43. American University Law Review
[Submission Deadlines] They accept submissions on a rolling basis. [Submit] They prefer submissions via Scholastica or ExpressO. Include an abstract and a CV. [Processing Period] Will consider expedited review requests.

44. Washington Law Review
[Submit] Either via ExpressO or mail (Washington Law Review, Attn: Articles Department, University of Washington, William H. Gates Hall, Box 353020, Seattle, WA 98195) [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review. Email the Editor-in-Chief at bhowlett@washlrev.org. [Word Requirements] 30,000 words or fewer [Citations] Bluebook format. follows the grammar conventions of The Redbook: A Manual on Legal Style and The Chicago Manual of Style, and follows the spelling conventions of Webster’s Third New International Dictionary and Black’s Law Dictionary.

45. Harvard Journal on Legislation
[Submit] ExpressO. [Citations] Bluebook format [Format] Word (double-spaced).

46. Arizona Law Review
[Processing Period] They consider requests for expedited review. [Format] 35,000 words or less (including footnotes)[Citations] Must be in footnote format and conform to the Bluebook. [Submit] Consider expedited requests. Either via Scholastica/ExpressO or by email, with a resume/CV (submissions@arizonalawreview.org).

47. Ohio State Law Journal
[Submission Deadline] They will start accepting submissions for each upcoming year in late February. Best time to send is mid-February-early April or early August-early September [Citation] Bluebook format [Submit] Either ExpressO or mail, include a paper copy (Ohio State Law Journal, Attention: Article Submissions, The Ohio State University Moritz College of Law, 55 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210). Include a cover letter with your contact information and CV. [Processing Period] Email them with requests for expedited review.

48. Lewis & Clark Law Review
[Submission Deadline] Submissions are generally accepted every August and February. [Citations] Bluebook format [Format] Word, WordPerfect, and PDF. If submitting by e-mail, include the author’s name and manuscript title in thesubject line. [Submit] Scholastica (preferred), ExpressO, by email (submissions@lclawreview.com), or by mail (Lewis & Clark Law Review, Attention: Submissions Editor, Lewis & Clark Law School, 10015 SW Terwilliger Blvd., Portland, OR 97219-7799). [Processing Period] Will consider expedited review requests.

49. Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy
[Format] Double-spaced, Times New Roman, 12 pt. [Submit] Via ExpressO (preferred) or by mail (1541 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138). Include CV and cover letter (with word count and short description of the manuscript).

50. Washington and Lee Law Review
[Submission Deadline] They accept throughout the year. [Citations] Bluebook format [Format] Word document (12 pt. font/double-spaced) [Processing Period] They will consider requests for expedited review through ExpressO. [Submit] Either via ExpressO or mail (Senior Articles Editors, Washington and Lee Law Review, Room 408, Washington and Lee University School of Law, Lexington, Virginia 24450).

Good luck this season! As a note, Washington & Lee expects to have the rankings database updated sometime in early March.